Curr. Appl. Phys. 2024; 60: 70-78

Published online April 30, 2024

Copyright © The Korean Physical Society.

Increased magnetocaloric response of La2/3Ca1/3MnO3/Gd nanocomposites in a large temperature range

Institute of Materials Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Hanoi, Viet Nam; Department of Physics, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, 28644, South Korea; Faculty of Physics Engineering and Nanotechnology, VNU University of Engineering and Technology, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, 100000, Viet Nam


It has been known that a La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 (LMO) bulk sample has the maximum magnetic entropy change (|ΔSmax|) larger than |ΔSmax| of Gd – a conventional magnetocaloric (MC) material. However, such large change just takes place in a narrow range of temperature because of its first-order character. This influences the working temperature range (ΔT) and relative cooling power (RCP) of LMO. Previous works have revealed that the fabrication of LMO nanoparticles with the second-order character would improve the magnitude of ΔT and RCP, and reduce magnetic hysteresis losses. In this work, we suggest that the combination of LMO nanoparticles (NPs) with Gd powder as nanocomposites (NCPs), termed (100-x)LMO + xGd with x = 50 and 75 wt%, further enhances ΔT from 60 to ∼94 K (in the range T = 220–314 K) for applied fields H = 5–20 kOe. These values are larger than those of initial materials Gd and LMO NPs (ΔT ≈ 40 K), reported composites (ΔT < 50 K), and even the composites fabricated from a LMO bulk and Gd powder (ΔT < 60 K) in the same fields. Additionally, all NCPs exhibit the second-order character, and RCP of optimal NCPs is nearly comparable to that of Gd. These features demonstrate application potentials of NCPs for conventional refrigerators operating in a large temperature range. © 2024 Korean Physical Society

Keywords: Magnetocaloric effect, Nanocomposites, Room-temperature magnetocaloric materials

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