Curr. Appl. Phys. 2023; 55: 22-33

Published online November 30, 2023

Copyright © The Korean Physical Society.

Significant effects of mesoporus Bi2S3/ poly (vinylpyrrolidone) composites on DSSC performance

Shaikh, Rahilah S.; Rajput, Rekha B.; P, Sonali; Kale, Rohidas B.

Department of Physics, The Institute of Science, Madam Cama Road, Mumbai, India

Correspondence to:R.B. Kale; Department of Physics, The Institute of Science, Mumbai, Madam Cama Road, India; email:


Herein, we report bismuth sulfide (Bi2S3) synthesis via the hydrothermal method for low-cost dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSCs). A detailed characterization of Bi2S3/poly (vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) material was carried out by various characterization technique. The J–V curves and cyclic voltammogram were examined using a solar simulator to evaluate power conversion efficiency (PCE) and its catalytic activities. The experiment was then repeated with a different amount of PVP agent surfactant to improve their power conversion efficiency. With the help of 1.0 g PVP, its conversion efficiency reached 3.35%, which was superior to the Bi2S3 without PVP addition. The results indicate that the Bi2S3/1.0 g PVP composites is a promising alternative to the costly Pt CE and can minimize the cost of dye-sensitized solar cells. © 2023 Korean Physical Society

Keywords: Bi2S3 microflower, Counter electrode, Dye-sensitized solar cell, Hydrothermal synthesis, Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)

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