Curr. Appl. Phys. 2023; 55: 9-15

Published online November 30, 2023

Copyright © The Korean Physical Society.

Multifunctional properties of tin oxide nanoparticles synthesized by green and chemical approach

Uday, Y.S.; Manjunatha, H.C.; Vidya, Y.S.; Manjunatha, S.; Soundar, R.; Sridhar, K.N.

Department of Chemistry, Sri Lakshmi PU College, Sunkadakatte, Magadi Road, Vishwaneedham Post, Karnataka, Bangalore, 560091, India; Department of Physics, Government College for women, Karnataka, Kolar, 563101, India; Department of Physics, Lal Bahadur Shastri Government First Grade College, RT Nagar, Karnataka, Bangalore, 560032, India; Department of Chemistry, B.M.S. College of Engineering, Bull Temple Road, Hanumanthanagar, Karnataka, Bengaluru, 560019, India; Department of Physics, Government First Grade College, Karnataka, Kolar, 563101, India

Correspondence to:H.C. Manjunatha; Department of Physics, Government College for women, Kolar, Karnataka, 563101, India; email:


Herein, we report the synthesis of SnO2 nanoparticles by combustion method using two reducing agents. One with urea as a fuel (SnO2U) and another one with Azadirachta indica leaves extract as a reducing agent (SnO2N) and calcined at 500oC for 3 hrs. The synthesized samples are characterized using different techniques. The Bragg reflections confirms the formation of pure tetragonal SnO2 NPs. The surface morphological analysis clearly indicates the formation of irregular shaped agglomerated NPs. The agglomeration and particle size was found to be more in SnO2U NPs. The estimated direct energy bandgap using Tauc's relation was found to be 3.75 and 3.37 eV for SnO2U and SnO2N respectively. Further, Photoluminescence excitation, emission, CIE and CCT analysis was performed. Thus, the present sample might be used as a nanophosphor material in Cool and Warm blue light emitting diodes. The cytotoxic properties against HeLa and MCF7 cells and compared the percentage of viability and cell death with standard chemotherapy drug Cisplatin. Theoretically, X-ray/gamma ray absorption properties such as mass attenuation coefficient (MAC) SnO2U and SnO2N NPs were evaluated which might finds an application in nuclear radiation dosimetry. © 2023 Korean Physical Society

Keywords: Antibacterial, Azadirachta indica, Combustion method, Photoluminescence, Radiation shielding, SnO2

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